Morphine HCL

CAS NO: 57-27-2
Batch Molecular FormulaC17H19NO3
Batch Molecular Weight285.34
Physical AppearanceWhite
SolubilityWater to 1
StorageStore at RT
Batch Molecular Structure

Morphine hydrochloride, often referred to as simply morphine HCl, is a potent opioid analgesic medication. It is one of the most well-known and widely used drugs in the opioid class and is primarily used for its pain-relieving properties. Here are some key points about morphine HCl:

  1. Chemical Structure: Morphine hydrochloride is derived from the opium poppy plant. It is a naturally occurring alkaloid and is the principal active component of opium. The chemical structure of morphine includes a phenanthrene ring and is classified as a narcotic analgesic.
  2. Medical Uses: Morphine HCl is used to alleviate severe pain, particularly in cases of acute pain (such as post-surgical pain), chronic pain (such as cancer-related pain), and pain resulting from various medical conditions. It is also used in medical settings to relieve pain in the context of surgery and anesthesia.
  3. Mechanism of Action: Morphine acts on the central nervous system by binding to specific receptors called opioid receptors, particularly the mu-opioid receptors. This interaction blocks pain signals and results in pain relief.
  4. Administration: Morphine is available in various forms, including oral tablets, injectable solutions, and extended-release formulations. The choice of formulation depends on the type and severity of the pain, as well as individual patient needs.
  5. Side Effects: The use of morphine can lead to various side effects, including drowsiness, constipation, nausea, vomiting, and respiratory depression (slowed breathing). It also carries a high potential for addiction and abuse. Regular monitoring by healthcare professionals is crucial to manage side effects and prevent misuse.
  6. Legislation and Regulation: Morphine is classified as a controlled substance in many countries due to its potential for abuse and addiction. Its production, distribution, and prescription are subject to strict legal regulations and oversight.
  7. Contraindications: Morphine is not suitable for everyone, and its use should be avoided in individuals with certain medical conditions, such as severe respiratory disorders. It should also be used with caution in the elderly and in pregnant or breastfeeding women.
  8. Treatment of Addiction: Due to its potential for addiction, individuals who become dependent on morphine may require treatment and support to overcome their addiction. This often involves medically supervised withdrawal, counseling, and other therapies.

Morphine is a valuable medication for the management of severe pain when used appropriately and under the guidance of a healthcare provider. It is important to use morphine strictly as prescribed and to be aware of its potential for addiction and side effects. If you have concerns or questions about the use of morphine, it is essential to discuss them with your healthcare provider.


  • This medication is used to help relieve moderate to severe pain. Morphine belongs to a class of drugs known as opioid (narcotic) analgesics. It works in the brain to change how your body feels and responds to pain.
  • Take this medication by mouth as directed by your doctor. You may take this drug with or without food. If you have nausea, it may help to take this drug with food. Ask your doctor or pharmacist about other ways to decrease nausea (such as lying down for 1 to 2 hours with as.