CAS NO: 124-90-3
Batch Molecular FormulaC18H21NO4
Batch Molecular Weight315.369 g/mol
Physical AppearanceWhite Powder
SolubilityWater to 100 mM
StorageStore at RT
Batch Molecular Structure

Oxycodone hydrochloride, often simply referred to as oxycodone HCl, is a potent opioid analgesic medication commonly prescribed for the management of moderate to severe pain. Here are some key points about oxycodone HCl:

  1. Chemical Structure: Oxycodone is a semi-synthetic opioid, derived from thebaine, which is an alkaloid found in the opium poppy plant. It is classified as a narcotic analgesic.
  2. Medical Uses: Oxycodone HCl is prescribed for the relief of moderate to severe pain. It is used in various clinical settings, including for post-surgical pain, cancer-related pain, and chronic pain conditions, such as back pain or osteoarthritis.
  3. Mechanism of Action: Oxycodone works by binding to specific opioid receptors in the central nervous system, primarily the mu-opioid receptors. This interaction results in pain relief and a reduction in the perception of pain.
  4. Administration: Oxycodone is available in various forms, including immediate-release (IR) tablets, extended-release (ER) tablets, and oral solutions. The choice of formulation depends on the type and duration of pain, as well as individual patient needs.
  5. Side Effects: The use of oxycodone can lead to a range of side effects, including drowsiness, dizziness, constipation, nausea, vomiting, and potential respiratory depression (slowed breathing). Oxycodone is a potent opioid and carries a high risk of addiction and abuse, so it should be used with caution and under the close supervision of a healthcare provider.
  6. Legislation and Regulation: Oxycodone is classified as a controlled substance in many countries due to its potential for abuse and addiction. Strict regulations govern its production, distribution, and prescription.
  7. Contraindications: Oxycodone is not suitable for everyone and should be avoided in individuals with certain medical conditions, such as severe respiratory disorders. It should also be used with caution in the elderly and during pregnancy and breastfeeding.
  8. Treatment of Addiction: Due to its potential for addiction, individuals who become dependent on oxycodone may require treatment and support to overcome their addiction. This often involves medically supervised withdrawal, counseling, and other therapies.

Oxycodone can be effective in providing pain relief when used appropriately and under the guidance of a healthcare provider. It is important to use oxycodone strictly as prescribed, be aware of its potential for addiction, and report any side effects or concerns to your healthcare provider.


  • (oxycodone HCl) is indicated for the management of pain severe enough to require daily, around-the-clock, long-term opioid treatment and for which alternative treatment options are inadequate.